Rotterdam Cookbook

Photography & Anthropology

Food on Earth

Photography & Race

Naughty Boys Cookbook


'Born criminal' ca. 1890. Collection Lombroso Museum, Turin

General Robley with Maori skulls, c.1870


Woman of Neu Pommern. Photo R. Parkinson, c. 1890

Photography & Race

This project explores the way scientific research on the human body has been popularized in 19th and early 20st century media. Photography in the context of evolutionism and colonialism played an important role in the representation of human races and cultures.
Scientist like Cesare Lombroso, Francis Galton and Charles Darwin were convinced of the power of photographic images. They used photography as a research tool and they were pioneers in publishing photographic images in their books.
Museums collected and commissioned photography for scientific research. The new mass media took advantage of the curiosity of people about new insights in the origins of the human race and how exotic people, freaks and 'monsters' were related to this reseacrh. Millions of illustrated books wee sold, in all languages, all over Europe.
These images are deeply rooted in western culture. They laid the foundation of the (implicit) associations in the Western world about other people and races.

Publication in English:

*Inhabitants of Surinam in Amsterdam. Highly regarded guest or an embarrassing legacy?
In: Foam international photography magazine #18 spring 2009.

Publications in Dutch:

*Zie de Mens - over kijken en bekeken worden.
Uitgeverij AtlasContact, Amsterdam 2014

EXHIBITION: Op het Eerste Gezicht (At First Sight) - Teylers Museum, Haarlem 2014 and Museum dr. Guislain, Gent (B) 2015

*Darwinjaar is ook zaak van antropoloog. In: de Volkskrant 30 december 2009

*Op zoek naar verschillen. Antropometrische fotografie in het licht van rassenonderzoek en Darwin's Evolutieleer. In: De Exotische Mens. Andere culturen als amusement. (catalogus bij de gelijknamige tentoonstelling in het Teylers Museum, Haarlem) Uitgeverij Lannoo, Tielt 2009


Most of the anthropological photographs shown here are published in Zie de Mens.

Yaqui Indians, South America ca. 1890.
Photographer unknown


Ashanti at the Wiener Zoo, 1899. Photo O.Schneider


Gopal Biliamuk, Australian Aborigene. Port Darwin 1897. Photo P. Foelsche

Horror and Agony

Guillaume-Benjamin Duchenne de    Boulogne c.1862

Chief of the Pnihings of Long Kup, Central Borneo, 1899
Photo: Jean Demmeni